- the Europe’s Growth Strategy EU 2020,
- the Commission’s Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area,
- the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region,
- the implementation of TEN-T and its corridor studies.
The EU-policy requests funding applications in a funds coordinating manner to gain multiple benefit.
Transport infrastructure is fundamental for internal EU market, for the mobility of people and goods and for the economic, social and territorial cohesion of the European Union. 500 billion Euros are needed to implement the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) until 2050.
The Scandria®Alliance within the Scandria®Corridor will provide support to integrate transnational, cross border and regional political and economic interests by focused co-operation across territorial borders, administrative levels and sectoral fields for coordinated funding.
EU strategies provide objectives for the thematic and geographic focus for funding on formal and informal documents. The regional dimension became more and more important linking the sectoral goals.
|1999||European Spatial Development Programme (ESDP) with Polycentricity, Infrastructure, Heritage and Innovation|
|2000||Lisbon Strategy with Territorial Dimension|
|2001||White Paper Transport|
|2004||“Guidelines Transeuropean Transport Net” with 30 projects of priority (van Miert report)|
|2005||Gothenburg Strategy with Social Dimension and Climate Change|
|2007||Freight Transport Logistics Action Plan with Green Corridors|
|2007||Territorial Agenda of EU with urban regions, European growing zones and polycentricity|
|2010||Europe 2020 strategy with quantified goals for reduction of ghg-emission and efficient use of energy|
|2013||TEN-T with Core Net Corridors|
INTERREG is intended to encourage cooperation and regional development between member states of the European Union on different levels to diminish the influence of national borders.
It is designed to strengthen economic, social and territorial cohesion throughout the European Union, by fostering the balanced development of the continent through cross-border, transnational and interregional cooperation. Special emphasis has been placed on integrating remote regions with those that share external borders with the candidate countries.
It covers several programmes for each of the several co-operation areas:
|1989–1993||"INTERREG I" ERDF cross-border cooperation between regions||Strand A:||Cross-border cooperation|
|1994–1999||Community Initiative ERDF “INTERREG II”||Strand B:||Transnational cooperation|
|2000–2006||Community Initiative ERDF “INTERREG III“||Strand C:||Interregional cooperation|
|2007–2013||Objective 3: Transnational cooperation (“INTERREG IV”)|
European Macro Regional Strategies are not formally defined. It includes territory from a number of different countries or regions associated with one or more common features or challenges.
The idea is to add value to interventions, whether by the EU, national or regional authorities or the third or private sectors in order to significantly strengthen the functioning of the macro-region. Working together can become a habit and a skill. In addition, joint coordination of linked actions across policy areas will very likely result in better results than individual initiatives.
|October 2009||Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (EUSBSR) was adopted by the European Council.|
|June 2011||Strategy for the Danube Region (EUSDR) was adopted by the European Council.|
|December 2012||The European Council requested the European Commission to present a new macro-regional for the Adriatic-Ionian Region (EUSAIR) before the end of 2014. The new Strategy will incorporate the Maritime Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Seas, adopted by the Commission on 30 November 2012.|
|December 2013||The European Council invited the Commission, in cooperation with Member States, to elaborate an EU Strategy for the Alpine Region by June 2015.|